Furniture can be both functional and a product of design and can also be considered a form of decorative art. Not only can furniture serve a functional role, but it can also serve a symbolic or religious purpose in some cultures. Furniture can be made from a variety of materials, including plastic, metal, glass, and wood, just to name a few.

People have been using natural objects, such as tree stumps, rocks and moss, as furniture since the beginning of human civilisation. Archaeological research shows that from around 30,000 years ago, people began constructing and carving their own furniture, using wood, stone, and animal bones.  The construction of furniture can also reflect the local culture. An example is the type of joins used.

For an in depth history of furniture, check out the fantastic book Illustrated History of Furniture on Project Gutenberg.

Types Of Furniture


A table is a piece of furniture used as a functional surface for working, eating, or to place things on. A table top is flat and has one or more legs. Some of the more common types of table are the dining room table, which is used for seated persons to eat meals; the coffee table, which is a low table used in living rooms to display items or serve refreshments; and the bedside table, which is used to place an alarm clock and a lamp.

Coffee Tables

Coffee tables are usually found in the living room or sitting room. A coffee table is a style of long, low table which is designed to be placed in front of a sofa or upholstered chairs to support beverages, magazines, books, decorative objects, and other small items to be used while sitting, such as beverage coasters. In some situations, such as during a party, plates of food may be placed on the table.


One of the basic pieces of furniture, a chair is a type of seat. Chairs vary in design. Its primary features are two pieces of a durable material, attached as back and seat to one another at a 90° or slightly greater angle, with usually the four corners of the horizontal seat attached in turn to four legs—or other parts of the seat’s underside attached to three legs or to a shaft about which a four-arm turnstile on rollers can turn—strong enough to support the weight of a person who sits on the seat.


A couch also known as a sofa or settee is a piece of furniture for seating two or three people in the form of a bench, with armrests, which is partially or entirely upholstered, and often fitted with springs and tailored cushions. Although a couch is used primarily for seating, it may be used for sleeping. In homes, couches are normally found in the family room, living room, den, or the lounge. They are sometimes also found in non-residential settings such as hotels, lobbies of commercial offices, waiting rooms, and bars.


The term cupboard was originally used to describe an open-shelved side table for displaying dishware, more specifically plates, cups and saucers. These open cupboards typically had between one and three display tiers, and at the time, a drawer or multiple drawers fitted to them. The word cupboard gradually came to mean a closed piece of furniture.

Chest of Drawers

A chest of drawers, also called a bureau, is a type of cabinet that has multiple parallel, horizontal drawers usually stacked one above another.

Chests of drawers have traditionally been made and used for storing clothing, especially underwear, socks, and other items not normally hung in or otherwise stored in a closet. They are usually placed in a bedroom for this purpose, but can actually be used to store anything that will fit inside and can be placed anywhere in a house or another place. Various personal sundry items are also often stored in a chest of drawers.

Moving Furniture

Furniture moving companies move your furniture and belongings from one place to another — be it in the same building, or from one property to another property. They can move you locally, interstate, or to another country.

If you look online, you will find a number of companies that offer services to move your furniture. If you are looking for a furniture removalist in Melbourne, the removalists at Dumbo Move will work with you closely to asses your needs to provide you with the best moving experience possible, and guide you thoughtfully through the moving process so they can fully meet all your moving needs during your house or office move. They will provide you with a high level of service, and customer satisfaction.

Remember when planning to move house, decide beforehand where your furniture will go. Before you move your furniture, create a floor plan of each room in your home with the correct measurements and plan where your furniture will go. Then as your removalists are moving your furniture into your house, you  can direct them to place your furniture in the correct spot and not have to touch it again. To make it easy on the movers, tape a copy of the plan to the wall of each room so people can tell at a glance where things go.

If you are planning on moving your furniture yourself, or with family and friends, check the Family Handyman website for some great moving tips and tricks.